ITM Web Conf.
Volume 23, 2018XLVIII Seminar of Applied Mathematics
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||07 November 2018|
Reaction rate coefficient k20 and temperature coefficient Θ in organic waste thermal disintegration
Univeristy of Zielona Góra, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Architecture and Environmental Engineering, Poland
* Corresponding author: S.Myszograj@iis.uz.zgora.pl
It was described the test of sewage sludge and organic fraction of municipal mixed solid waste thermal disintegration process. The waste activated sludge used during the tests was collected from the secondary settlement tank in a mechanical-biological wastewater treatment plant. The biowaste used in the studies was collected from an area of new buildings. It was noticed from means values of Soluble Chemical Oxygen Demand (SCOD) plot that both heating temperature and time, influence the amount of dissolved COD. The observations indicate that changes of SCOD can be described by an increasing, differentiable function of time and the rate of change of the soluble COD in the hydrolysates, in time is proportional to the difference of the maximum values of SCOD and its value in time, which leads to the relationship of the first-order ordinary differential equation. The process effectiveness depending on the temperature was described with the mathematical model including Van't Hoff-Arrhenius equation. Inspection of the data and some preliminary fits indicates, that for the description of changes in SCOD terms of time and temperature were adopted the form of nonlinear mixed model. Values of k20 indicator and Θ parameter depend on the substrate type. For waste activated sludge thermal disintegration, value of reaction speed indicator k20 was 0.028 h-1 (0,67 d-1), and value of temperature indicator equalled Θ = 1.024. For thermal disintegration of biological waste, value of reaction speed indicator k20 was 0.016 h-1 (0,38 d-1), and value of temperature indicator equalled Θ = 1.016.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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