ITM Web Conf.
Volume 31, 2020International Conference “Mathematical Modelling in Biomedicine” 2019
|Number of page(s)
|09 March 2020
Electrophysiological Biomarkers for Age-Related Changes in Human Atrial Cardiomyocytes: In Silico Study
1 Institute of Immunology and Physiology of the Ural Branch of the RAS, Ekaterinburg, Russia
2 Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg, Russia
∗ This work was supported by RFBR #18-015-00368, IIP UrB RAS theme #AAAA-A18-118020590031-8, RF Government Act #211 of March 16, 2013, the Program of the Presidium RAS.
∗∗ e-mail: email@example.com
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Age-related changes in human cardiomyocytes are closely related to cardiac diseases, especially atrial fibrillation. Restricted availability of biological preparations from the human atrial myocardium complicates experimental studies on the aging processes in cardiomyocytes. In this preliminary study, we used available experimental data on the age-related changes in ionic conductances in canine atrial cardiomyocytes to predict possible consequences of similar remodeling in humans using two mathematical models (Courtemanche98 and Maleckar09) of human atrial cardiomyocytes. The study was performed using the model population approach, allowing one to assess variability in the cellular response to different interventions affecting model parameters. Here, this approach was used to evaluate the effects of age-related parameter modulation on action potential biomarkers in the two models. Simulation results show a significant decrease in the action potential duration and membrane potential at 20% of the action potential duration in aging. These model predictions are consistent with experimental data from mammalians. The action potential characteristics are shown to serve as notable biomarkers of age-related electrophysiological remodeling in human atrial cardiomyocytes. A comparison of the two models shows different behavior in the prediction of repolarization abnormalities.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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