ITM Web Conf.
Volume 35, 2020International Forum “IT-Technologies for Engineering Education: New Trends and Implementing Experience” (ITEE-2019)
|Number of page(s)||21|
|Section||Modernization of Engineering Courses based on software for Computer Simulation|
|Published online||09 December 2020|
The Use of UAVs to Save People in the Mountains: Tasks, Problems, Perspective
Bauman Moscow State Technical University, 2nd Baumanskaya str., 5/1, 105005, Moscow, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The actual problem of organizing and conducting rescue operations in the mountains is considered. The achievements associated with the following factors were noted: the active development of UAVs of various designs, masses, and equipment; development of new information systems, including sensors, communication systems; the emergence of new image processing algorithms and other types of data based on artificial intelligence methods. It was emphasized that a fundamentally new achievement that opens up broad prospects is an integrated approach to the use of rescue equipment, including ground-based mobile equipment, UAVs of various types, global navigation and mobile communications, and professional rescuers. Problems were identified that are associated with the difficulties of the task, including a complex mountainous terrain, snow cover, avalanches, strong winds, low temperatures, immobility and even lack of communication with the victims. The article considers the problem of low temperatures, which leads to icing, which gives rise to an uncontrolled change in the properties of the control object UAVs, difficulties in the functioning of control elements, and distortion of the sensors. Based on the methods of artificial intelligence, including modern methods of detecting damage, a comparative analysis of different approaches was carried out and a predominant approach was drawn, which allows a high degree of certainty to detect problems of UAV icing and timely change of control system settings.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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