ITM Web Conf.
Volume 59, 2024II International Workshop “Hybrid Methods of Modeling and Optimization in Complex Systems” (HMMOCS-II 2023)
|Number of page(s)
|Interdisciplinary Mathematical Modeling and Applications
|25 January 2024
CFD simulation of unstable fluid flows in the rotor of a high-speed precipitation centrifuge
Ural federal university, Department of Machines and Apparatuses for Chemical and Nuclear Production,
2 SverdNIIhimmash JSC, Ekaterinburg, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The results of a numerical study of unstable fluid flows in the rotor of a high-speed vertical precipitation centrifuge are presented. It is shown that during the operation of a high-speed precipitation centrifuge, a qualitative change in the hydrodynamic regime is possible from conditionally laminar to conditionally turbulent, characterized by large-scale axial and radial pulsations of the liquid phase, accompanied by a significant decrease in sedimentation efficiency. It has been established that the flow pulsations are not random in nature, but the amplitude of these pulsations first increases with increasing rotation rate of the centrifuge rotor, and after passing a certain “critical” rotation rate it begins to decrease. Thus, the “critical” rotor rotation rate can be considered as a resonant rate, at which the frequency of turbulent flow pulsations (natural oscillation frequency) coincides with the rotor rotation frequency (forced oscillation frequency). The dependences of the pitch, frequency, and amplitude of liquid flow pulsations on the edge of the centrifuge overflow disk on the rotor rotation rate were obtained. It has been established that in the “subcritical” and “supercritical” operating modes, the amplitude and step of liquid pulsations on the overflow disk of the centrifuge are increasing and decreasing respectively.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2024
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