ITM Web Conf.
Volume 15, 2017II International Conference of Computational Methods in Engineering Science (CMES’17)
|Number of page(s)
|15 December 2017
Numerical simulations of crashworthiness performance of multi-cell structures considering damage evolution criteria
1 Institute of Technology and Engineering, Autonomous University of Juarez City (UACJ), Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México.
2 Mechanical Engineering Department, National Centre for Research and Technological Development, Cuernavaca, Morelos, México.
3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In this paper finite element software Abaqus was used to analyse the effect of cross-sectional shape on the crashworthiness performance of multi-cell profiles. An emphasis was placed on the modelling of the damage initiation criteria and its evolution during the crash event. The structures evaluated included square and circular multi-cell cross-sections fabricated with aluminium alloy EN AW-7108 T6. During the crash simulations, the structures were subjected to axial impact loads using a 500-kg rigid body striker with an initial velocity of 10 m/s. Accordingly to our results, profiles with circular cross-section base presented better crashworthiness performance than square profiles. An increase in crush force efficiency to 36.9% and specific energy to 35.4% was observed when a circular cross-section has been reinforced in the transversal and longitudinal directions. Finally, it was corroborated that the addition of the damage initiation criteria allowed for more reliable crash simulations of the structures.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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