ITM Web Conf.
Volume 14, 2017The 12th International Conference Applied Mathematical Programming and Modelling – APMOD 2016
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||08 November 2017|
Named Entity Recognition: Resource Constrained Maximum Path
University of Milano-Bicocca
2 University of Calabria
Information Extraction (IE) is a process focused on automatic extraction of structured information from unstructured text sources. One open research field of IE relates to Named Entity Recognition (NER), aimed at identifying and associating atomic elements in a given text to a predefined category such as names of persons, organizations, locations and so on. This problem can be formalized as the assignment of a finite sequence of semantic labels to a set of interdependent variables associated with text fragments, and can modelled through a stochastic process involving both hidden variables (semantic labels) and observed variables (textual cues). In this work we investigate one of the most promising model for NER based on Conditional Random Fields (CRFs). CRFs are enhanced in a two stages approach to include in the decision process logic rules that can be either extracted from data or defined by domain experts. The problem is defined as a Resource Constrained Maximum Path Problem (RCMPP) associating a resource with each logic rule. Proper resource Extension Functions (REFs) and upper bound on the resource consumptions are defined in order to model the logic rules as knapsack-like constraints. A well-tailored dynamic programming procedure is defined to address the RCMPP.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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